Disaster may strike at any time, so one should remain prepared for it. Due to global warming, there has been an increasing number of incidents of forest fires and spontaneous combustions. Fire breakout can be extremely dangerous and cause immeasurable damage to life as well as property. Whether a fire occurs due to natural cause or is accidental, one should fireproof home in such a way that there is minimum possible damage.
Ways to fireproof your home
Find out how you can fireproof home safe by keeping a check on the following:
1. Install smoke detectors
Generally, every house has a smoke alarm installed. However, if your house is big or has two floors, it is advisable to have a second set of alarms installed. This will provide an extra measure of security in case one sensor is far too away from the source of the smoke or fire.
Make sure to keep the system updated and check if the system is in proper working condition. Fireproof house by changing the batteries every two months.
2. Safety hazards
Recklessness can sometimes lead to bad results. Most of the fire incidents in a house originate in the kitchen. Whenever you are cooking, always stand near the stove and never leave it unattended.
Make sure to turn off the stove and the oven after you use them. Never leave any hazardous item lying around. A cigarette butt thrown carelessly on the carpet or a melted candle can lead to a huge fire.
3. Check your electrical appliances
Always observe fireproof home safety when you are using electrical devices. Do not go beyond the restricted capacity or there may be a heavy load on the generator.
Make sure to use the right extension and plug for each appliance. Do not plug in any high voltage equipment in a socket which has low capacity.
If the power goes beyond the restricted limit, it may lead to a short circuit and fire may erupt. Also, make sure that there are no electrical cords or broken wires lying around.
4. Install fire-resistant windows and doors
Fireproof house materials are not just batteries for your fire alarms. They can be the windows and doors as well!
Fire wooden window frames look aesthetically pleasing but may cost you a lot if they catch fire. You should instead install metal frames and tempered glass for your windows and doors.
Paneled and layered glass windows will be heat resistant and provide protection against fire. In case a fire breaks out near your home, the paneled windows will prevent the fire from entering inside your house.
5. Keep a fire extinguisher at home
As a precaution, it is wise to keep a functional fire extinguisher in your house. You can keep it in the hallway so that it is easy to grab in case of an emergency.
If your house is big, it is preferable to keep an additional pair on the upper floor or in any other area of the house that is easily accessible.
Along with a fire extinguisher, you can also keep other fire repellents like buckets of sand in your garage or storage.
6. Prepare an emergency kit
Despite all the safety measures, in case a fire does occur, you should have an escape plan ready for you and your family.
Plan out all the exit routes in a map of your house and perform a safety drill if necessary. You can use fluorescent lights or markers along the floors to guide you around the house.
Prepare an emergency kit containing all basic provisions, important phone numbers, and supplies. Use a fireproof locker to store all your important papers and valuables. If a fire breaks out, grab the emergency kit and rush to your nearest exit.
7. Keep your yard and lawn fireproof
Dry leaves and grass are dangerous fire hazards, especially during summer. In case a fire breaks out in your garden or your yard, it can rapidly enter your house.
Make sure to mow your lawn regularly and throw off all the dead leaves. Install a sprinkler in your lawn and water the lawn regularly.
Do not put out barbecue grills or any wooden chairs in your yard. You can also water your yard, deck, and entryway to prevent the fire from spreading and to keep the area clean.
8. Avoid wooden furnishing when you use fire at home
Many of us love wooden furnishing but we also need to use fire at home. Be it for science experiments or for the love of cooking, if you use too much of fire at home, keep away from wooden furnishing.
Instead of using cedar, oak, and pine, opt for furniture made out of non – hazardous materials. You can use bricks, concrete, limestone, and tiles for walls and floors.
For safety and changes in the kitchen counter and tables, you can use granite. This will prevent the fire from spreading as there will be no surface available for the fire to breathe.
You should keep your living area clean and spacious. If the room is cluttered, the fire can spread rapidly. However, if your living area is spacious, you have enough space to move around and escape.
9. Install vents
Installing vents in the house is beneficial in general and also keeps your home fireproof. In case of fire, vents will be useful as they help get rid of the embers and ashes produced from it. They will also help in preventing the fire from spreading in every direction.
10. Protect the roof
If the fire is coming from an outside source, the flames can go up and reach the roof. If the roof catches fire, it may fall apart entirely and damage the entire house.
To make sure this does not happen, water down your roof entirely. The surface will absorb the water completely and when it comes in contact with fire, it won’t get caught up in flames.
Another way to protect the roof is to consider changing the wooden surface. Install a roof made up of tiles or metal to prevent it from catching fire.
Prevention is always better than cure and we should not take chances when it is about the fire. However, in spite of all the safety measures, if a fire still occurs, leave the house immediately.
Call the fire brigade once you are safe outside. Do not return back to the house until the fire stops. Your fire insurance will take care of your property, the main priority is the safety of you and your family.